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Open Access Case report

Primary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the stomach in an adult woman: a case report and review of the literature

Milos Bjelovic12*, Marjan Micev2, Bratislav Spica2, Tamara Babic1, Dragan Gunjic2, Aleksandra Djuric12 and Predrag Pesko12

Author Affiliations

1 Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia

2 Clinic for Digestive Surgery – (First Surgical Clinic), Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia

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World Journal of Surgical Oncology 2013, 11:35  doi:10.1186/1477-7819-11-35

Published: 4 February 2013

Abstract

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor has been defined as a histologically distinctive lesion with uncertain behaviour. The term inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor more commonly referred to as “pseudostumor ”, denotes a pseudosarcomatous inflammatory lesion that contains spindle cells, myofibroblasts, plasma cells, lymphocytes and histiocytes. It exhibits a variable biological behavior that ranges from frequently benign lesions to more aggressive variants. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor mostly occurs in the soft tissue of children and young adults, and the lungs are the most commonly affected site, but it has been recognized that any anatomic localization can be involved. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors in adults are very rare, especially in the stomach. We present a case of a 43-year old woman with primary inflammatory myofibiroblastic tumor in the stomach and a review of the literature.

Keywords:
Stomach; Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor; Inflammatory pseudotumor; Dyspepsia; Surgery; Adults