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Open Access Research

Clinicopathologic features and surgical outcome of solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas: analysis of 17 cases

Xiao-Guang Wang1, Quan-Fa Ni1, Jian-Guo Fei1, Zheng-Xiang Zhong1 and Peng-Fei Yu2*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of JiaXing Medical College, JiaXing, 314000, China

2 Department of Abdominal Surgery, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, 38# Guangji Road, Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, 310022, China

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World Journal of Surgical Oncology 2013, 11:38  doi:10.1186/1477-7819-11-38

Published: 6 February 2013

Abstract

Background

We summarize our experience of the diagnosis, surgical treatment, and prognosis of solid pseudopapillary tumors (SPTs).

Methods

We carried out a retrospective study of clinical data from a series of 17 patients with SPT managed in two hospitals between October 2001 and November 2011.

Results

All of the 17 patients were female and the average age at diagnosis was 26.6 years (range 11 years to 55 years). The tumor was located in the body or tail in ten patients, the head in five patients, and the neck in two patients. The median tumor size was 5.5 cm (range 2 cm to 10 cm). All 17 patients had curative resections, including seven distal pancreatectomies, five local resections, four pancreaticoduodenectomies, and one central pancreatectomy. Two patients required concomitant splenic vein resection due to local tumor invasion. All patients were alive and disease-free at a median follow-up of 48.2 months (range 2 to 90 months). There were no significant associations between clinicopathologic factors and malignant potential of SPT. Ki-67 was detected in three patients with pancreatic parenchyma invasion.

Conclusions

The SPT is an infrequent tumor, typically affecting young women without notable symptoms. Surgical resection is justified even in the presence of local invasion or metastases, as patients demonstrate excellent long-term survival. Positive immunoreactivity for Ki-67 may predict the malignant potential of SPTs.