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Open Access Case report

Synchronous triple carcinoma of the colon and rectum

Chien-Chih Yeh14, Sheng-Chuan Hsi2, Chih-Pin Chuu3 and Yung-Hsi Kao4*

Author Affiliations

1 Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Taoyuan Armed Forces General Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan

2 Department of Surgery, Taoyuan Armed Forces General Hospital, Chung-Shin Road, Lungtan, Taoyuan, Taiwan

3 Institute of Cellular and System Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, Keyan Road, Chunan, Miaoli, Taiwan

4 Department of Life Sciences, National Central University, Jhongda Road, Jhongli, Taoyuan, Taiwan

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World Journal of Surgical Oncology 2013, 11:66  doi:10.1186/1477-7819-11-66

Published: 13 March 2013

Abstract

Synchronous multiple colorectal cancers are defined as multiple malignant colorectal tumors that occur simultaneously. All tumors are distant from each other, and none are the result of metastasis from other tumors. Here, we present a case of a 79-year-old man who was admitted to our hospital because of a 3-month history of abdominal pain associated with anemia, loss of appetite, and body weight loss. The patient did not have a family history of cancer. Computed tomography revealed bowel wall thickness and mesentery inflammation at the hepatic flexure of the colon and cecum. Colonoscopy revealed a tumor located 10 cm from the anal verge. Colonoscopic examination of the large bowel was not possible because of bowel obstruction due to the rectal tumor. Synchronous triple adenocarcinoma of the colon and rectum was confirmed by pathologic examination. The tumor was surgically resected by two-segment resection of the colon, low anterior resection, and right hemicolectomy. We used intraoperative colonoscopy to confirm that there were no other lesions after the resection of the three tumors. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of synchronous triple carcinoma of the colon and rectum in Taiwan. We consider that comprehensive preoperative study, extensive intraoperative exploration, and radical resection can increase the survival rate of patients with synchronous multiple colorectal cancers.

Keywords:
Synchronous colorectal cancer; Colon; Rectum; Taiwan